cbd glossary

Terms You Should Know

You can rely upon this GoodFOR CBD Glossary because it’s accurate and the most extensive CBD glossary available anywhere. 

Click CBD FAQ because it will answer even more questions for you . . .

A

The process of stripping all the essential oils and trichomes from the cannabis plant by using either ethyl or isopropyl alcohol.  Once the extra plant material is filtered out and the alcohol evaporates, what remains is a sticky and potent golden hash oil. Further purification through vacuum pressure, heat, or agitation can change the texture of the golden hash oil to oil, shatter, or budder, depending on the extraction process.

one of the saturated hydrocarbons including methane, ethane and propane used in the extraction of CBD.

organic compounds occur naturally in plant and animal tissues and are the basic constituents of proteins.

Describes the general smell and/or taste of a certain plant or flower.  Because anyone’s individual definition of aromas (such as “earthy,” “diesel”, “skunky,” or “citrus“) can differ somewhat, aroma descriptions are meant as a basic guideline.

B

a plant pigment that is an isomer of carotene, important in the diet as a precursor of vitamin A.

A powerful concentrate of cannabinoids made by dissolving cannabis in its plant form in a solvent (usually butane), which produces a very high THC product (much more than flowers or hashish).  It’s a thick, sticky oil which is also referred to as honey oil, “dabs” or “dabbing,” earwax, or shatter, depending on the manufacturing method.

Broad spectrum contains 500+ different chemical compounds form the cannabis plant, but has had the small traces of of THC completely removed. 

C

500+ individual chemical compounds in any cannabis or hemp plant which act upon the human body’s cannabinoid receptors, producing various effects including pain relief and dozens of other medically beneficial uses.

THC is the most common cannabinoid; CBD is #2; leaving 120+ other cannabinoids.  Terpenes (chemicals you can smell) account for 140+ compounds. Flavonoids which xxxxxxxxxx

There are two types of cannabinoids: Endocannabinoids (which are made by your body) and Phytocannabinoids (which are found in plants). These fatty acids act as a neurotransmitter, which simply means they act on the nervous system—mostly in the immune cells.

All the cannabinoids are non-psychoactive in any cannabis or hemp plant; when decarbed (i.e., decarboxylated) THCA becomes THC

A low-THC cannabis variety primarily selected by breeders for its CBD-rich genetics.  Unlike Cannabis sativa and indica which use light cycles to flower, ruderalis is an “autoflowering” variety, meaning it flowers with age.  Ruderalis is a hardy plant that can survive harsh climates.

This is the less scientific name for the cannabis sativa species of cannabis plant. These plants originated outside of the Middle East and Asia and include strains that are from areas such as South America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Thailand.  They tend to grow taller as plants (usually over 5 feet), are lighter in color and take longer to flower. When consumed, sativas tend to produce more cerebral effects as opposed to physical and sedative ones.

Tall plant used to create hemp (fibers) and also produces a variety of psychoactive and other medical and recreational effects

Dark green or brown and traditionally created with a high THC (ie, psychoactive) content.

Another phytocannabinoid in our products, is produced over time within hemp plants when CBGA and the CBCA enzyme synthesize to create CBCA, an acidic form of CBC.

phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940, and of the 120 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract; non-psychoactive

CBD works a bit differently with the body when applied topically

Derived from an organic substance formed in the plant’s secretions and is used in almost every delivery method currently in use (including smoking).  Both cannabis and hemp are forms of cannabis; and it’s important for you to know that cannabis does not mean marijuana. 

Cannabis is the genus name and general umbrella term under which all forms of cannabis and hemp are included.  Only until recently has THC begun to lose it’s most discussed and studied part of the cannabis plant; not just because it can get users high, but because it’s the single most abundant chemical compound in cannabis. 

CBD, is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in cannabis and the top non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in hemp,  As a result, CBD has been gaining momentum in the scientific community and media.

Unlike THC, CBD does not cause any feeling of “high,” which contributes to its legalization across the United States and other countries. CBD does not typically have any immediately noticeable effect, though some customers have reported otherwise.

When Olivetolic acid and Geranyl pyrophosphate combines in the plants to produce cannabigerolic acid.  CBG is critical because so many other cannabinoids are derived from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). CBG, one of the phyto-cannabinoids found in our extracts, is essentially the same as CBGA, but in non-acidic form.

Another key cannabinoid.  Unlike CBC, CBN is not derived from CBGA; rather,, it is formed in hemp plants when an acid called CBNA undergoes decarboxylation.  It is a cannabinoid isolated from the cannabis plant that binds to the cannabinoid G-protein receptor CB2 (as opposed to CBD binding to CB1).

A high-CBD, low-THC, relatively non-psychoactive medical cannabis extract, developed in Colorado, named after Dravet syndrome patient Charlotte Figi, and popularly reported by Sanjay Gupta, MD from CNN.

A legal test certificate provided by a laboratory. COA’s can show potency, residual solvents, and microbial content among many other things.

Many believe CO2 to be the most natural solvent used in concentrate extraction to produce quality products.

see MCT

D

This is the process of heating hemp or cannabis at a low temperature to transform “inactive” acid cannabinoids like THCA and CBDA into “active” THC and CBD.  Most people decarboxylate their cannabis to get higher potency in products that are consumed orally, like edibles and tinctures.

U.S. federal agency formed in 1970 by President Richard Nixon for his Controlled Substances Act.  This organization is criticized for being unaccountable to any authority, and for self-serving acts including blocking the removal of cannabis from Schedule I.

E

Edibles have been infused with cannabis extracts, and are usually not made exclusively with CBD.  They are commonly baked goods such as cookies and brownies, but are also produced in various other products; e.g., flavored coffee drinks, breads and candies. . Dispensaries also often sell cannabis-infused butters or oils for patients or consumers to make their own edibles.  Consuming edibles means the active components from the extracts require longer to take effect as they need to be absorbed through your digestive system.

[See:  Phytocannabinoid]

A network of millions of molecules, receptors and enzymes in humans that’s chock-full of CBD receptors (mostly in our brains and central nervous system), which bind with CBD to enable or inhibit a response (synaptic), which creates an effect in your body.  Without the ECS none of us could exist.

Think:  Synergy.  Benefits from cannabinoids are maximized when all the 500+ chemical compounds in cannabis are included.  Research shows that individual isolates (CBD, THC, etc) provide just a shadow of positive benefits.

Commonly used for extraction purposes involving oil used for edibles or topicals.

F

Important dietary sources of fuel for animals and are important structural components for cells; and can either be saturated or unsaturated

A United States Government Agency tasked with protecting public health by oversight and regulation of food, medical, pharmaceutical and many other products. Read More – Wiki.

There are about 20 flavonoids in cannabis, and are important because they have shown to have beneficial effects such as: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antifungal, anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, and anti-allergic activity.  Quercetin, Apigenin, and Cannaflavin A are three flavonoids found in cannabis.

G

H

Is a fibrous product that can be produced from the male cannabis plant and can be used in the manufacture of many industrial uses; e.g., rope, paper, beauty products and a vast array of other products. 

Hemp is a legal plant that the USDA defines as any Cannabis sativa L. variety containing THC concentrations of no more than 0.3% (less than one-third of 1%); which is the phytocannabinoid that causes a feeling of intoxication.

Oil from cold pressed seeds of the hemp plant sometimes referred to as cannabis sativa seed oil. Hemp seed oil is high in antioxidants, omega-3 and -6 fatty acids, but contains no CBD.

I

CBD (cannabidiol) isolate is a single molecule from the hemp plant that endures heavy processing to achieve its purity.  The final product is a slightly white powder and used in many products to provide CBD. All other beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, etc. are destroyed in the process which makes CBD isolate products not nearly as beneficial as full or broad spectrum CBD products.   

[See:  Broad spectrum; Full spectrum]

J

K

L

M

Derived from peppermint oil and provides a cooling sensation by blocking the calcium current along the nerves responsible for detecting temperature (it does not actually lower anyone’s temperature when applied).

N

O

P

[See:  Endocannabinoid]

Q

R

Abbreviation for prescription drugs

S

Is a specific variety of a plant species.  Strains are developed to produce distinct desired traits in the plant and are usually named by their creators (or by creative consumers).  Strain names often reflect the plant’s appearance, its promised buzz, or its place of origin. Although the medical cannabis industry strives for consistency, strains can easily be mistakenly or purposely misidentified.

T

Smell something?  It’s terpenes: organic compounds and isomeric hydrocarbons (C10H16) found within hemp flower excretions.  

Each hemp or cannabis plant strain’s unique characteristics are determined by the scent of its terpenes. These peculiar and powerful molecules influence the taste and feel of hemp extract. In addition to being an essential component of our supplements, terpenes are commonly leveraged in the production of balsams, essential oils, and other plant by-products.

The most common terpenes in our hemp extracts are Myrcene, Beta-caryophyllene, Terpinolene, Linalool, alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Nerolidol og Phytol, trans-alpha-Bergamotene, Limonene/ beta-Phellandrene (Co-elution), and alpha-Humulene.

Most common chemical compound in cannabis, and it’s most potent psychoactive one.  

 

A liquid cannabis or hemp extract usually made with alcohol or glycerol that is often dosed with a dropper or a pump spray.  Tinctures can be flavored and are usually placed under the tongue (aka, sublingual), where they are absorbed more quickly than if directly swallowed.  The effects can be felt within minutes. Tinctures can also be mixed into a drink, but in these cases effects will take longer because the tinctures will be absorbed by the digestive system.

A type of hemp or cannabis product where the active properties of the flowers have been extracted and added to a product such as a lotion, gel, salve or cream that’s applied to the skin.  The medicinal properties are absorbed through the skin and can be used to treat muscle aches, long term soreness, or ailments like dry skin.